Respond back to students post . Student one Which of these critique forms do you find most valuable to receive, either from peers or your professors? Why? I find Formative Feedback and Global Critique the most significant to obtain, whether from peers or professors. This is because Formative Feedback provides concepts during the creation process, letting me improve and perform while I’m still working on a project. Global Critique, on the other hand, gives me a broader perspective about the overall coherence and impact of my work, which is crucial for understanding the bigger picture. Which of these forms are easiest and which are most challenging for you to provide to others? Explain your answer. When it comes to providing feedback, I find that Rubric-based feedback and The Side Note are the easiest for me. With rubrics, there’s a clear guideline that makes it less subjective, and I feel confident knowing I’m providing consistent feedback. The Side Note is also easier since it’s more casual and often pertains to personal reactions or thoughts. “Feedback is deeply rhetorical.” What does this mean? The statement means that the way feedback is framed, its context, audience, and purpose, all play a crucial role in how it’s received and its effectiveness. Essentially, not all feedback is created equal, and the way it’s conveyed matters immensely. What is the risk of feedback that is not rhetorical? The risk of feedback that is not rhetorical is that it may be misunderstood, disregarded, or taken personally. If feedback isn’t tailored to its audience or lacks clarity in its purpose, it might not achieve the intended outcome of helping the receiver grow or improve. It may even demotivate or confuse them. Marco Learning. (2023).
Use Rubrics to Give Better Feedback: 3 Strategies For Success. Marco Learning. https://marcolearning.com/how-to-use-rubrics-to-guide-feedback/ Moxley, J. (2023, July 23). Critique – Types of feedback | Writing Commons. Writing Commons. https://writingcommons.org/section/collaboration/critique/ Student Two Hello, Which of these critique forms do you find most valuable to receive, either from peers or your professors? Why? I feel as though “the side note” is the most valuable to receive. I appreciate this type of feedback most because it is very direct and informative. The side notes on a paper are direct to a specific area in a paragraph or even part of a sentence. With these annotations, it is very clear where the reader gets lost, finds an error, or can make a remark about something in depth to your writing. With these specific notes, I find it easier to edit my paper and understand my readers point of view. Which of these forms are easiest and which are most challenging for you to provide to others? Explain your answer. I believe “endnotes” are the easiest and “line-by-line editing” is the most challenging to provide to others. Endnotes are just a summary of the overall reading with nothing specific to refer to. It is the fastest way to read through someone’s work and give feedback. This type of feedback allows the reader to speak in a general sense as to what they did like and understand and what they didn’t. With line-by-line editing, the reader makes many changes and this tends to upset the writer because it can be a change of perspective that takes away the writer’s voice in their paper. Finally, the reading makes this point: “Feedback is deeply rhetorical.” What does this mean? What is the risk of feedback that is not rhetorical? Feedback is meant to be clear and cogent. Feedback doesn’t always mean that your reader is going to agree or like your argument or thesis. A rhetorical question is not meant to be answered. With that being said, the risk of feedback that is if not done rhetorically you may have the writer going back and forth with the reader like a debate. Student Three: Biology subject Describe the functions of the following components of gastric juice: Hydrochloric acid, Pepsinogen, Pepsin, and Intrinsic factor. Hydrochloric Acid (HCl): Creates an acidic environment in the stomach, which activates pepsinogen to pepsin and facilitates the breakdown of proteins. It also helps in the digestion of food and serves as a defense mechanism against ingested pathogens. Pepsinogen: Inactive precursor to pepsin. Secreted by gastric chief cells, it is activated by the acidic environment in the stomach to pepsin. Pepsin: An enzyme that breaks down proteins into smaller peptides. Activated from pepsinogen by hydrochloric acid, it plays a crucial role in protein digestion in the stomach. Intrinsic Factor: Produced by the gastric parietal cells, it is essential for the absorption of vitamin B12 in the small intestine. Vitamin B12 is crucial for the production of red blood cells. Why don’t the components of gastric juice damage the wall of the stomach in the absence of an H. pylori infection? Mucus Layer: The stomach lining is coated with a thick layer of mucus that acts as a physical barrier. Rapid Cell Turnover: The cells lining the stomach undergo rapid turnover, quickly replacing damaged cells with new ones, minimizing the risk of damage. Tight Junctions: Tight junctions between epithelial cells provide additional protection by preventing the leakage of gastric juice into the underlying tissues. Why don’t most other types of bacteria produce ulcers? Resistance to Acid: Most bacteria are unable to survive in the highly acidic environment of the stomach, limiting their ability to colonize and cause damage. Protective Mechanisms: The stomach has natural defenses, such as antimicrobial peptides and the immune system, which help prevent bacterial infections. case study: Diagnosis of Peptic Ulcer: Helicobacter pylori Infection Treatment Approach: Antibiotics Acid Reduction Medication Huether, S. E., McCance, . L., & Brashers, V. L. (2020). Understanding Pathophysiology (7th ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences (US). https://online.vitalsource.com/books/9780323639088 Student Four Functions of Gastric Juice Components: Hydrochloric Acid: Creates an acidic environment for optimal pepsin activity, kills ingested microorganisms, and denatures proteins (Martinsen et al., 2019) Pepsinogen: Converted to pepsin, an enzyme that breaks down proteins into smaller peptides. Pepsin: Active enzyme that continues protein digestion initiated by pepsinogen. Intrinsic Factor: A glycoprotein that facilitates absorption of vitamin B12 in the small intestine (Libretexts, 2022). Protection from Gastric Juice Damage: The stomach lining is protected by a mucous layer that prevents direct contact with gastric juices. Additionally, epithelial cells constantly regenerate, and the alkaline bicarbonate secretion helps neutralize acid near the stomach lining. Bacterial Ulcer Formation: Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) is unique in its ability to survive in the stomach’s acidic environment. Other bacteria typically cannot colonize and cause ulcers due to the hostile conditions, protective mucosal factors, and the effective immune response in the stomach (UCSF Health, 2023). Case Study: Roger’s symptoms and the presence of a peptic ulcer were linked to an infection caused by Helicobacter pylori. Treatment with antibiotics aims to eliminate the bacteria, while acid-reducing medication helps alleviate symptoms and promote healing. Regular monitoring through endoscopy is essential to track progress and ensure the resolution of the ulcer. Reference: Libretexts. (2022, May 13). 23.4: The stomach. Medicine LibreTexts.
- https://med.libretexts.org/Bookshelves/Anatomy_and_Physiology/Anatomy_and_Physiology_1e_(OpenStax)/Unit_5%3A_Energy_Maintenance_and_Environmental_Exchange/23%3A_The_Digestive_System/23.04%3A_The_Stomach#:~:text=Intrinsic%20factor%20is%20a%20glycoprotein,conversion%20of%20pepsinogen%20to%20pepsin. Martinsen, T. C., Fossmark, R., & Waldum, H. L. (2019).
The phylogeny and biological function of gastric Juice—Microbiological consequences of removing gastric acid. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(23), 6031. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20236031 UCSF Health. (2023, August 1). Responsive neurostimulation. ucsfhealth.org. https://www.ucsfhealth.org/treatments/responsive-neurostimulation Student five Describe the infectious disease, The infectious disease that is affecting the elderly population would be urinary tract infection. This infection is very common to the elder community and could be a recurring type of infection for some elderly. Identify the causative agent and the factors that influence susceptibility to microbial infections in the elderly. This type of infection is primarily caused by the bacteria E.Coli and can infect the upper and lower urinary tract. The risk factors for this infection are but not limited to catheter use, atrophic urethritis and vaginitis, prostate cancer, chronic bacterial prostatitis, genitourinary problems, prostatic hyperplasia, urinary diversion procedures, and urethral strictures, Discuss any changes in the immune system of the elderly that may affect their ability to fight off infections and disease. The changes in the immune system of the elderly could be immunocompromised diseases as well as immunosuppressant medications. Also, according to our book, Most cases that occur in older men are associated with an obstruction or a medical procedure involving the placement of a catheter. In most cases an obstruction may be the result of kidney stones, blood clots, tumors, scar tissue, or a structural defect such as kinking of the ureters or a compression of the ureters by fibrous connective tissue. Discuss the most common treatments for your selected infection. The most common treatment for UTI is antibiotic therapy that is provided by the physician. Student Six Disease: Multiple Sclerosis Many elderly people have this disease in the united states, This is when the patient has a long lasting chronic disease which is involved with the nervous system. What happens to the body that it can attacts it’s self up. This is also and autoimmune condition. In some cases some patients have a very small amounts of (MS) and other might have more effects. Cause: In the elderly patients the causative agaent and the factor of multiple Sclerosis would include, When the body attacks your brain and your nervers not knowing that it is by your own body. Changes of the body that make it harder to fight infections: The things that make it harder for an older patinent to fight infection would include: the increase of number of memory cells. also over time our body maybecome weaker and have a lower chance to fight off bacteria. Also, the Elderly patients are more prone to infection. So in that way its best that we make sure we are as sterle as possible to make sure that out older patients are less likely to get an infection. Treatment: Some of the treatment for (MS) would include : Corticosteroids which is a vein infusion, methylprednisolone which is given to the patient 3 to 5 days for treament. In addition, There is no cure for (MS) but there but there is treatnent options of patients who have (MS).