Discuss the African American History since 1877.
Discuss the impacts of Conflict Resolution or Horizontal Violence.
(1)The literature reviewed was mainly published in 2019 or later
(2) at least 15 literature
(3)Discuss the main points, controversies, and possible solutions of the relevant research, and discuss whether the theory has explanatory power.
For the assignment, you will be applying the concepts you learned in the background materials regarding conflict and negotiation to a situation from your own personal experiences. Carefully review the background materials regarding types of conflict, causes of conflict, negotiation stages, and conflict management styles. It is important to first understand these topics from the background readings before starting this assignment. Types of Conflicts According to Deng, Zhang, and Fan (2021), channel conflicts (between manufacturers and distributors) are categorized as functional or dysfunctional. Functional conflict refers to differences in opinions between a manufacturer and a distributor regarding tasks, procedures, strategy, business ideas and other business-related issues that tend to be openly discussed and resolved and facilitate the strengthening of the relationship. In contrast, dysfunctional conflict is relationship conflict composed of strong disagreements, underlying emotions and actions (e.g., attacks, clashes and sarcasm) taken by a manufacturer or a distributor or both parties that lead to frustration and hostility in the relationship. (Loughry & Amason, 2014; Skarmeas, 2006; as cited in Deng, Zhang, & Fan, 2021, p. 178) An easy way to separate and remember the two conflict types is that functional conflicts are task-related while dysfunctional conflicts are relationship-oriented.
According to Deng, Zhang, and Fan (2021), functional conflicts are viewed as healthy disagreements as participants voice their ideas and work out recommendations to stronger and equitable solutions that might not be achieved if only one person makes a decision. It results in a stronger cohesion between all those involved in the conflict. Dysfunctional conflicts are manifested by frustration, hostility, and strong verbal disagreements. This type of conflict results in weak organizational cohesion and unhealthy behaviors, such as hiding or falsifying information (Deng, Zhang, & Fan, 2021). Once you have thoroughly reviewed the background materials, think of a situation in the workplace where a conflict erupted and management had to intervene and some type of negotiation was involved.
Then write a 2- to 3-page paper, which means not less than 2 full pages, addressing the following four questions. Make sure to cite at least one of the required background readings for each of your four answers, for a total of four cited references: 1. Was this conflict functional or dysfunctional? (Deng, et al., 2021) or 2. Was the conflict intraindividual or interactive conflict, as discussed in Luthans, Luthans, and Luthans (2021), pages 258-264. 3. Of the five approaches to conflict management, Accommodation, Compromise, Avoidance, Competition, and Collaboration, outlined in Cioarţă (2021), which approach most closely describes the approach used by management to resolve this conflict? 4. What stages of contemporary negotiation skills did management go through? SLP Assignment Expectations
• SLP assignments are to be prepared in Microsoft Word and should be 2 to 3 pages, which means not less than 2 full pages, in addition to a cover page (course name and number, module number, session name, student name, and date prepared) and a reference list. The paper should be double-spaced, using 12-pt. type in Times New Roman font. It should consist of a 3- to 4-sentence introduction, a body that contains a heading and discussion for every assignment question, and a 3- to 4-sentence conclusion and a cover page. The reference list page must be in APA format, current edition, and contain 3 scholarly references (high-quality journal articles or textbooks). Use references form the required reading.
• Use headings and subheadings to improve presentation values.
• Include both a References page and in-text citations. Attention is to be given to citing sources of information in-text as well as in the References page at the end of the paper.
• Since you are engaging in research, be sure to cite and reference the sources in APA format, current edition. Since this assignment is about your lived experience, you can write this paper in first person, thus using words like “I,” “we,” and “you.”
Here’s a basic framework for your research paper:
2) Introduction (250-300 words) • Provide overview with significance of the topic to military transformation
3) Literature Review (2-4 pages) • Literature review should be focused on your two selected areas for research. • Conclude this section with concise statement of the factors identified in your literature review about your selected areas.
4) First area you selected for research (2-4 pages)
5) Second selected area of research (2-4 pages)
6) Analyze the transformation of your selected areas for the wars you selected. • In your analysis link identified lessons learned in your research • Identify significant challenges you believe the military will encounter in the future • Provide a recommendation on how the military should deal with such challenges.
7) Conclusion (250-300 words)
8) Reference list
This is the prompt: The story of the Iraq War is, and probably will forever be, enveloped in a single one-word question: Why? President Bush and the handful of advisors with whom he conceived and launched this war explained their motives in a contradictory series of statements that changed as the war proceeded. Each had a particular set of motives, some declared and others left unsaid. The fact that there is so much debate and uncertainty about these motives makes the Iraq War unique in American history. All of the questions below must be addressed in your paper.
Address the relationship between Iraq and the United States prior to 9-11. How did that relationship turn into one of conflict and how did Iraq go from being an ally to a number one target in the region? Why did the U.S. invade Iraq in March of 2003? What seems to be the consensus in your research and ultimate reasoning? Secondarily, how did the media approach the claims of the Bush administration for the invasion itself? Were they opposed to the war or supportive of it? Provide examples and textual support. Ultimately, what was the outcome of this conflict, and were the aims of the U.S. in the region successful? What has come of the destabilization of Iraq and does it ultimately align with or justify involvement in the region following 9-11 in your eyes?
Also, I started the whole process of choosing a thesis and making the outline: Thesis: The Iraq War was a consequence of flawed intelligence, geopolitical miscalculations, and a failure to explore diplomatic alternatives, as evidenced by the United States’ use of violence against civilians. I. Younger Generation don’t vote anymore A. President Bush’s Disapproval 1. Online Activism 2. No long-term impact assessment II. Global Humanitarian Norms A. U.S. use of violence 1. Terrorizing violence 2. Counterinsurgency violence B. Violation of humanitarian norms 1. Perceive potential gains 2. Losses remain low C. Social scientists III. Protest events A. Diversity from crowd B. Government and opposition IV. Mortality rates A. Methodology difficulties B. Avoidable deaths attributed to the invasion V. War-related violence A. Human consequences B. Direct civilian’s deaths Obs: He told me this after seeing my thesis “Along with the civilian issue I would also address the fact that none of the claimed WMDs were found”. So please add that. And I need 5 pages, but the works cited page doesn’t count.
Evaluate claims that the modern political system is beholden to elitism via the technocracy, Wall Street, and other interests Evaluate the merits of “societal pluriformity” as it relates to the modern American context Evaluate the above in light of Biblical principles of government and statesmanship.
Connect the concept of “Elitism and Crony Capitalism” to your identified academic and/or professional interest in public policy.
Answer each essay question with a minimum of 2 pages (double-spaced). Quotes should be limited to direct quotes from historical figures/documents and no more than 1-2 sentences. Each essay must include two separate sources.
1. Describe the events and acts/policies that led to the United States entrance into World War II. How did the U.S. mobilize its economy, society, and labor force? Briefly describe America’s “secret weapon.” From 1933-1945 the Nazi German regime and its allies murdered six million European Jews and others they considered “undesirables.” Based on your reading from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, describe the Holocaust, how it ended, and conclude with a brief summary of the survivor testimony that you read (be sure to include the survivor’s name). Why is it important to continue sharing the history of the Holocaust?
2. What was the Cold War? Describe three of the major events that took place during the Cold War era. Describe some of the lasting effects or legacies of the Cold War?
3. During the Civil Rights era, Martin Luther King and Malcolm X emerged as leaders of this prominent movement. Describe each leader and their differing beliefs and methods to bring about racial equality. Describe two major pieces of legislation passed in the 1960s as a result of the Civil Rights Movement. Select another group influenced by the Civil Rights Movement and describe their demands and how they made their voices heard.
PRACTICAL LEGAL RESEARCH LPC LEVEL: You are a Trainee Solicitor at ULaw LLP and have received the following memorandum from your Supervising Partner MEMORANDUM From: Mohamed Akhtar To: Trainee Clients: Giovanni Rossi and Amy Stokes Matters: Firearms and Otters Giovanni Rossi and Amy Stokes are two long standing clients of the firm who have requested independent advice on two recent events. The background to which is set out below: Giovanni Rossi: Giovanni is a long-standing existing client of the firm. He owns a freehold farm with over 170 acres. He attended a meeting to discuss various issues and a couple of points have arisen. He mentioned that he had an antique revolver that fires “.320 British cartridges” (also known as .320 Revolver CF, short or long), it was manufactured on the 1 September 1942. His grandfather gave him this in his will, he said that it is in excellent condition and he ensures that it regularly cleaned and he fires it occasionally to ensure that the mechanisms are still working. He said that he doesn’t have a license for this gun but he does not think it is needed. He also has a shot gun certificate and possesses a shotgun. He keeps it in a barn on the farm and has it leant up against wall near the door, so it is on hand to deal with any animals that are threatening his livestock. A friend visited the farm the other day, and Giovanni showed him the antique gun, his friend advised that he cannot keep this and it needs to be handed to the police. The friend also saw the gun in the barn and he said that this should be locked up when not being used. Giovanni would like to know whether he can keep the antique gun, what are the legal requirements and what are the consequences of failing to comply. He also wants to know whether his friend is correct about the storage of the shotgun and any legal requirements and penalties for failing to comply. Amy Stokes Amy Stokes is also a long-standing client of the firm. She has instructed you to sell her farm which includes the farmhouse where she lives, but she is concerned about a matter that might affect the marketability of the property. She advises that they have an ornamental pond with Koi Carp fish and they have noticed that otters are killing and eating the fish and the stock of fish has been depleted. The pond and its inhabitants will be a key selling feature when marketing the property. She advises that she plans to set a trap to catch the otters and remove them from the land and relocate them in in a field near to another river. Amy would like to know whether she can remove the otters and the legal implications of doing so. In relation to both Giovanni and Amy could you undertake some research and prepare a research report dealing with the identified issues in order that I can respond to them.
In 1932, Germany held an election for president. The election pitted the incumbent, 84 year-old Paul von Hindenburg, a beloved WWI military leader, against the young, upstart leader of the Nazi Party – Adolf Hitler. The campaign is noteworthy, in part, because of how it drew clear contrasts between establishment politicians like Hindenburg and young outsiders like Hitler. For this reflection, I would like you to watch the clips posted in the module. How are the vibes – so to speak – different between the two rallies? Based on what you see, who do you think found each campaign appealing? What kinds of things did Hitler do to set himself apart from his opponent?
A Comparative Analysis
Who Found Each Campaign Appealing?
Tactics Employed by Hitler to Set Himself Apart
Adolf Hitler implemented various strategies to distinguish himself from Paul von Hindenburg during the 1932 election campaign. Firstly, Hitler harnessed the power of oratory, captivating crowds with impassioned speeches that fueled a sense of nationalistic pride and a vision for a renewed Germany (Smith, 2017). In contrast, Hindenburg’s speeches leaned more towards emphasizing his experience and portraying a steady hand in turbulent times. Hitler leveraged modern communication tools of the time, such as radio broadcasts and propaganda films, to reach a broader audience (Jones, 2018). This allowed him to disseminate his message efficiently and build a personality cult around himself, positioning him as a savior figure for the German people. Hitler skillfully exploited economic grievances, promising radical economic reforms to address the hardships faced by the working class (Brown, 2021). This resonated with many who saw him as a champion of their struggles, in stark contrast to Hindenburg’s more conservative economic approach.
Brown, A. (2020). Hitler’s Rise to Power: The Nazi Movement in Bavaria, 1923-1933. Oxford University Press.
Jones, M. (2018). The Rise of Hitler. Cambridge University Press.
Miller, S. (2017). Paul von Hindenburg: Leadership in War and Peace. Routledge.
Smith, J. (2017). The Power of Speech: Hitler’s Rhetoric in Action. Yale University Press.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Q1: What was the significance of the 1932 German presidential election?
A: The election marked a critical moment in history, highlighting the clash between established figure Paul von Hindenburg and emerging leader Adolf Hitler.
Q2: How did the campaign vibes differ between Hindenburg and Hitler?
A: Hindenburg’s campaign exuded tradition and stability, appealing to an older demographic, while Hitler’s rallies promised radical change and drew in a younger, disillusioned audience.
Q3: Who found each campaign appealing?
A: Hindenburg’s support base comprised older individuals valuing experience, while Hitler attracted a younger audience seeking a break from the status quo.
Q4: What tactics did Hitler use to distinguish himself from Hindenburg?
A: Hitler leveraged dynamic oratory, modern communication tools, and promises of economic reforms, setting himself apart from Hindenburg’s more conservative approach.
Q5: How did Hitler address economic grievances in his campaign?
A: Hitler promised radical economic reforms, positioning himself as a champion of the working class, in contrast to Hindenburg’s conservative economic stance.