Describe Art in the Americas in the 1700–1800s.

Words: 475
Pages: 2
Subject: Art

In Chapter 17, there is a brief descriiption of the arts in the Americas during colonial times. For the purpose of this discussion, we must consider that “the Americas” does not mean the USA exclusively, but the whole Western hemisphere: North America, Central America/Caribbean, and South America.

After reading that section, think about the differences in context and artistic production that the authors point out, present in the British and Spanish colonies. What are some of the contextual similarities and some differences present in those two cultural and political spaces? How did these contexts produce different approaches to art? What were the main themes, and why? clip from chapter is below

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In Chapter 17, three major artistic periods are described: Baroque, Rococo, and Neoclassical. Comparing Baroque art to the Renaissance is a bit like comparing movies today with movies of the 1950s. Baroque art covers much of the same themes and media of Renaissance art, but with greater “special effects” of drama, emotion, and energy. The tasks of Baroque artists (and the source of their financial support) were mostly political and religious. Many artists like Bernini and Rubens were commissioned by the Catholic Church to make highly dramatic religious works that would greatly appeal to worshippers and mitigate the impact of the Protestant Reformation.

Like the Baroque of Italy and northern Europe, the French Rococo style is ornate and dramatic, but it contrasts with the seriousness of Baroque art with its lightness and playfulness. Both the Baroque and the Rococo periods of art were rejected in the Neoclassical period, when art returned to more serious themes and was more orderly and emotionally restrained. This reactive aspect of art styles, where newer generations of art seek to move away from the characteristics of the previous generation, will continue with growing rapidity into the 19th and 20th centuries.