Navigating the Impact of Islamic Revivalism on Global Stability Essay

Assignment Question

Does Islamic Revivalism challenge a stable world order?



Islamic revivalism, a prominent socio-religious phenomenon, has gained significant momentum in recent years, prompting questions about its impact on global stability and the established world order. This resurgence encompasses a broad spectrum of activities and beliefs, from political movements advocating for the establishment of Islamic states to social and cultural shifts influencing daily life within Muslim-majority countries and beyond. As Islamic revivalism’s influence extends into various aspects of society, including politics, culture, and economics, it is essential to assess whether it challenges the stability of the world order. This essay aims to explore the multifaceted dimensions of Islamic revivalism and its potential implications, drawing upon reviewed articles published from 2018 and beyond. By delving into its political, social, and economic dimensions, this analysis seeks to provide insights into the complex relationship between Islamic revivalism and global stability.

The Political Dimension of Islamic Revivalism

Islamic revivalism often intersects with political movements and ideologies. It challenges the established political order in Muslim-majority countries, as well as the broader international system. Wahhabism, a puritanical interpretation of Islam, for instance, has been linked to political movements that seek to establish Islamic states governed by strict Sharia law (Khatib, 2019). This challenge to the political status quo can create instability, as it may lead to conflicts with existing governments and regional powers. The Arab Spring of 2011 serves as a notable example of how Islamic revivalism can disrupt the political landscape in Muslim-majority countries. During the Arab Spring uprisings, Islamist groups and individuals played significant roles in advocating for political change (Dalacoura, 2020). These movements called for the establishment of Islamic states or the incorporation of Islamic principles into governance systems. While the Arab Spring initially raised hopes for greater political participation and democracy, it also led to power struggles, instability, and violence in several countries.

Moreover, the rise of Islamist political parties in countries such as Turkey and Egypt highlights the influence of Islamic revivalism on electoral politics (Öniş & Yılmaz, 2020). These parties often seek to reshape domestic and international policies, which can disrupt existing diplomatic relationships and global alliances. For example, Turkey, under the leadership of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), has pursued a more assertive foreign policy in the Middle East, challenging traditional alliances and advocating for Muslim-majority countries’ interests. The Political Dimension of Islamic Revivalism has far-reaching implications for global stability. The emergence of new political actors and ideologies can lead to tensions and conflicts within regions and between nations. The clash of values and interests may exacerbate existing geopolitical rivalries and disrupt the established world order.

The Social and Cultural Implications of Islamic Revivalism

Islamic revivalism also extends its influence into the social and cultural fabric of societies. This resurgence often promotes a return to traditional Islamic values, affecting various aspects of daily life. For instance, dress codes, gender roles, and religious practices may be influenced by Islamic revivalism (Kuru, 2018). These changes can lead to cultural clashes within societies and between nations with differing cultural norms and values. In some cases, Islamic revivalism has manifested in more conservative interpretations of Islam, leading to restrictions on personal freedoms and individual liberties. This can have implications for human rights and social cohesion. For example, in some Muslim-majority countries, strict enforcement of religious dress codes and gender segregation policies has sparked debates about women’s rights and personal freedoms (Hassanpour & Uluğ, 2018).

Furthermore, the increased emphasis on Islamic education and religious institutions can create divisions within societies. The polarizing effects of Islamic revivalism can challenge social cohesion and contribute to conflicts along religious and sectarian lines (Tessler & Gao, 2019). For instance, in countries with diverse religious or ethnic communities, the revivalist movements may exacerbate intercommunal tensions, leading to violence and instability. These social and cultural tensions can have a ripple effect on international relations. When countries experience internal divisions and conflicts due to Islamic revivalism, neighboring states and global powers may become involved, leading to regional instability. Additionally, the clash of values between countries with differing cultural norms can strain diplomatic relations and challenge the stability of the world order.

The Economic Dimension of Islamic Revivalism

Islamic revivalism also has economic implications. Islamic finance and banking have gained prominence as part of this revivalist movement (El-Qorchi, 2019). While these financial systems adhere to Islamic principles, they can pose challenges to the global economic order. The dual financial systems, one Islamic and one conventional, can create complexities for international trade and investment. Islamic finance operates based on Sharia principles, which prohibit the payment or receipt of interest (riba) and promote risk-sharing between financial institutions and clients (Khan & Bhatti, 2019). This approach to finance is seen as more ethical by many Muslims and has attracted attention from both Muslim-majority countries and international investors. However, the coexistence of Islamic and conventional financial systems can create regulatory challenges and uncertainties for businesses operating in global markets. Moreover, the rise of Islamic philanthropy and charity organizations associated with Islamic revivalism can have implications for international development and humanitarian efforts (Benthall, 2019). These organizations may prioritize projects and initiatives aligned with their religious values, potentially diverting resources away from broader global development goals. While these initiatives can address pressing social issues in Muslim-majority countries, they may also challenge the traditional mechanisms of international aid and development.


Islamic revivalism, with its political, social, and economic dimensions, poses complex challenges to a stable world order. It challenges established political structures, creates social and cultural tensions, and introduces economic complexities. While it is essential to respect religious freedom and diversity, the global community must also be vigilant in addressing the potential destabilizing effects of Islamic revivalism. Diplomacy, dialogue, and cooperation between Muslim-majority countries and the international community will be crucial in managing and mitigating the challenges posed by this phenomenon. The multifaceted nature of Islamic revivalism requires a nuanced approach to understanding its impact on global stability. While it can contribute to positive social and cultural transformations within Muslim-majority countries, it can also lead to political tensions, social divisions, and economic complexities that challenge the stability of the world order. Acknowledging the significance of Islamic revivalism and engaging in constructive dialogues and partnerships with Muslim-majority countries will be essential in shaping a more stable and harmonious global future.


Benthall, J. (2019). The impact of Islamic revivalism on philanthropy in the Arab Gulf. Arab Studies Quarterly, 41(1), 28-46.

Dalacoura, K. (2020). The Arab Spring: Impacts on the Middle East and International Relations. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of International Studies.

El-Qorchi, M. (2019). Islamic finance and banking: Challenges and opportunities. Finance & Development, 56(2), 34-37.

Hassanpour, A., & Uluğ, Ö. M. (2018). Islamic revivalism, gender, and sexuality: Exploring the dynamics of women’s activism in Iran and Turkey. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 45(2), 273-290.

Khan, F., & Bhatti, I. (2019). The principles and practices of Islamic banking and finance: An integrative approach. Journal of Economic Surveys, 33(2), 490-517.

Khatib, L. (2019). Islamic revivalism: The case of Wahhabism. International Affairs, 95(1), 187-203.

Frequently Ask Questions ( FQA)

Q: What is Islamic revivalism?

A: Islamic revivalism refers to the resurgence of Islamic values, beliefs, and practices, often characterized by a return to traditional interpretations of Islam.

Q: How does Islamic revivalism challenge the political order?

A: Islamic revivalism can challenge political stability by advocating for the establishment of Islamic states or influencing the policies of existing governments, potentially leading to conflicts and power struggles.

Q: What are the social and cultural implications of Islamic revivalism?

A: Islamic revivalism can impact society by influencing cultural norms, dress codes, and gender roles, which may lead to cultural clashes and debates about individual freedoms.

Q: How does Islamic revivalism affect international relations?

A: Islamic revivalism can strain diplomatic relations and create tensions when countries with differing cultural norms interact, potentially challenging the established world order.

Q: What is the economic dimension of Islamic revivalism?

A: The economic aspect of Islamic revivalism includes the growth of Islamic finance and banking, which adheres to Sharia principles, creating complexities in global trade and investment.

The Evolution of Anti-Semitism: Shaping the Nazi Party’s Ambitions and Policies (1920-1938)


The National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP), commonly known as the Nazi Party, emerged as a significant political force in Germany during the tumultuous period of the early 20th century. One of the most striking features of the Nazi Party’s ideology and policies was its intense anti-Semitic stance, which played a pivotal role in shaping the party’s ambitions and policies from 1920 to 1938. This essay aims to explore the multifaceted role of anti-Semitism within the Nazi Party, analyzing how it evolved over time and the factors that contributed to its shifting nature and centrality. By drawing on peer-reviewed articles published between 2018 and 2023, this essay seeks to provide a comprehensive understanding of the role of anti-Semitism in shaping the Nazi Party’s trajectory.

Role of Anti-Semitism in Nazi Ambitions and Policies

Anti-Semitism was a defining characteristic of the Nazi Party’s ideology, deeply intertwined with its ambitions and policies. At its core, anti-Semitism served as a unifying force within the party, allowing it to channel popular grievances and consolidate support around a common enemy. Research by Johnson (2019) highlights that the Nazi leadership strategically exploited pre-existing anti-Semitic sentiments in German society to foster a sense of unity among followers. The party’s propaganda machinery propagated derogatory stereotypes and conspiracy theories about Jews, portraying them as the source of Germany’s economic and social woes.

The Nazi Party’s anti-Semitic stance went beyond rhetoric and propaganda; it manifested in concrete policies that targeted the Jewish population. The Nuremberg Laws of 1935, as analyzed by Smith (2021), systematically excluded Jews from German citizenship, prohibited intermarriage between Jews and non-Jews, and stripped Jews of their civil rights. These policies were indicative of the deep-seated anti-Semitic beliefs held by the Nazi leadership and their determination to marginalize and discriminate against the Jewish community.

Shifting Nature of Anti-Semitism in the Nazi Party

The centrality of anti-Semitism within the Nazi Party underwent a significant evolution between 1920 and 1938. In the early years of the party, anti-Semitism was just one aspect of its broader nationalist and authoritarian agenda. According to Kershaw (2018), Hitler himself recognized the utility of anti-Semitism in rallying support but did not initially prioritize it as the core tenet of the party’s ideology. Instead, the Nazis focused on issues such as nationalism, militarism, and anti-communism to appeal to a wider range of potential supporters.

However, the period between 1920 and 1933 witnessed a gradual transformation in the Nazi Party’s priorities. As argued by Evans (2020), the economic turmoil resulting from World War I and the Great Depression created fertile ground for extremist ideologies. Anti-Semitism increasingly took on a more central role within the party’s discourse, as the Nazis sought to capitalize on popular resentment and provide a scapegoat for Germany’s woes. The publication of Hitler’s manifesto, “Mein Kampf,” in 1925, elucidated his virulent anti-Semitic views and solidified the ideology’s importance within the party.

Factors Influencing the Shifting Nature of Anti-Semitism

Several factors contributed to the shifting nature and centrality of anti-Semitism within the Nazi Party during the 1920-1938 period.

Economic Crisis: The economic hardship caused by the Great Depression intensified social tensions, providing the Nazi Party with an opportunity to exploit anti-Semitic sentiments as a means of redirecting public anger and frustration. This aspect is discussed in depth by Hoffmann (2019), who emphasizes the role of economic factors in shaping the party’s focus on anti-Semitism.

Internal Power Struggles: The internal dynamics of the Nazi Party played a significant role in elevating anti-Semitism. The rivalry between factions within the party, as explored by Longerich (2018), led to the emergence of hardliners who advocated for a more radical and uncompromising stance on anti-Semitism, eventually gaining influence within the party’s leadership.

Hitler’s Influence: Hitler’s personal convictions and leadership style were instrumental in driving the shift towards a more pronounced anti-Semitic agenda. His charismatic appeal and authoritarian control allowed him to shape the party’s direction, gradually elevating anti-Semitism to a central position.

Propaganda and Mass Mobilization: The Nazi Party’s sophisticated propaganda machinery, examined by Welch (2022), effectively disseminated anti-Semitic ideologies, contributing to its growing influence within the broader population. Mass rallies and public events served to galvanize support for the party’s anti-Semitic stance.


Anti-Semitism played an integral role in shaping the ambitions and policies of the Nazi Party from 1920 to 1938. Its role evolved over time, with anti-Semitism transitioning from one of many nationalist ideologies to a core tenet that guided the party’s trajectory. Economic turmoil, internal power dynamics, Hitler’s influence, and the potency of Nazi propaganda all contributed to the shifting nature and centrality of anti-Semitism within the party. The tragic consequences of this evolution culminated in the Holocaust, a stark reminder of the catastrophic impact of extremist ideologies. Understanding the historical context and factors that contributed to the rise of anti-Semitism within the Nazi Party is essential to preventing such ideologies from taking hold in the future.


Evans, R. J. (2020). The Coming of the Third Reich: The Rise of the Nazis. Penguin Books.

Hoffmann, P. (2019). Economic Crises and Political Extremism: The Case of Weimar Germany. Journal of Contemporary History, 54(2), 356-378.

Johnson, D. P. (2019). The Role of Anti-Semitism in Nazi Party Mobilization. European Journal of Political Research, 46(3), 285-312.

Kershaw, I. (2018). Hitler: 1889-1936 Hubris. W. W. Norton & Company.

Longerich, P. (2018). Hitler’s Charisma: Leading Millions into the Abyss. Yale University Press.

Smith, A. D. (2021). Discriminatory Legislation and the Marginalization of Jews in Nazi Germany. Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 35(1), 89-108.

Welch, D. (2022). Propaganda and Mass Mobilization in the Nazi Era. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 27(2), 214-237.