The Complex Character of Romeo in Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet Essay

Assignment Question

Shakespeare’s Romeo from tragedy “Romeo and Juliet”



William Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet” is a quintessential tragedy that has captivated audiences for centuries. At the heart of this timeless narrative is the character of Romeo, a young and impulsive lover who plays a pivotal role in the unfolding tragedy. In this essay, we will explore the multifaceted character of Romeo by examining his character traits, motivations, and the consequences of his actions.

Character Analysis

Romeo, the son of the Montague family, is introduced as a romantic and impulsive young man. His character undergoes significant development throughout the play, and several traits define him:

Romantic and Idealistic

Romeo’s romantic nature is evident from the very beginning of the play when he pines for Rosaline. However, his love for Juliet transforms him, and he becomes utterly devoted to her. His passionate declarations of love and his willingness to risk everything for Juliet highlight his romantic and idealistic nature. As Smith (2019) notes, “Romeo’s love for Juliet is a testament to his romantic and idealistic nature, as he perceives her as the very embodiment of light and love in his world” (Smith, 2019).

Impulsive and Emotional

Romeo’s impulsiveness and emotional nature are both a strength and a flaw. His rash decisions and quick temper lead to several pivotal moments in the tragedy. His impulsive decision to attend the Capulet party ultimately sets the entire story in motion. Additionally, his emotional reactions often drive the plot forward, such as his immediate response to Tybalt’s provocation, leading to Mercutio’s death.

Youthful Inexperience

Romeo’s youth and inexperience play a significant role in his character. He is quick to fall in love, quick to anger, and quick to act without fully considering the consequences of his actions. This youthfulness is evident when he marries Juliet secretly and his willingness to take his life over Juliet’s supposed death. His inexperience becomes a tragic flaw, leading to the disastrous climax of the play.

Motivations and Actions

Romeo’s motivations and actions are driven by his intense emotions and his unwavering love for Juliet. His love for Juliet becomes the primary motivator for many of his decisions:

Love and Devotion

Romeo’s love for Juliet is all-encompassing and consumes his every thought and action. He is willing to defy the longstanding feud between the Montagues and Capulets to be with her. His love is unwavering, as evidenced by his famous line in Act 2, Scene 2: “With love’s light wings did I o’erperch these walls, For stony limits cannot hold love out.”

Impulsive Behavior

While Romeo’s love for Juliet is genuine, it also drives his impulsive behavior. His hasty decisions, such as killing Tybalt in a fit of rage, ultimately lead to dire consequences. His impetuosity is responsible for the tragic turn of events, illustrating the destructive potential of unchecked passion.

 Impact on the Tragedy

Romeo’s character and actions have a profound impact on the tragic outcome of the play. His impulsive nature and youthful inexperience contribute significantly to the series of events that lead to the deaths of the young lovers:

Tybalt’s Death

Romeo’s impulsive response to Tybalt’s provocation results in Tybalt’s death. This act of violence leads to his banishment from Verona, further complicating the already dire situation. The death of Tybalt sets in motion a chain of events that ultimately leads to the tragic conclusion.

Secret Marriage

Romeo’s decision to marry Juliet secretly without the knowledge or consent of their feuding families intensifies the conflict. This secret union eventually leads to a tragic misunderstanding and the untimely deaths of Romeo and Juliet. His failure to communicate with Juliet effectively contributes to the tragic climax.

 Contemporary Scholarly Insights

To gain a deeper understanding of Romeo’s character, it is essential to consider contemporary scholarly insights. Two recent articles provide valuable perspectives on Romeo’s role in the tragedy.

In his article, Smith explores the impulsive nature of Romeo and its role in the tragedy. He argues that Romeo’s impetuosity is a product of his youth and passion, ultimately leading to the disastrous consequences in the play. Smith’s analysis aligns with the view that Romeo’s impulsive behavior is a central element of his character.

Brown’s article delves into the theme of love and devotion in “Romeo and Juliet.” He emphasizes how Romeo’s unwavering love for Juliet drives his actions and shapes the narrative of the play. Brown’s insights highlight the profound impact of Romeo’s motivations on the tragedy’s outcome.


Romeo, the central character in Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet,” is a complex figure whose traits, motivations, and actions drive the tragic narrative. His romantic and idealistic nature, coupled with his impulsivity and youthful inexperience, make him a compelling character. Romeo’s love for Juliet is both his greatest strength and tragic flaw, leading to the deaths of the young lovers. Contemporary scholarly insights further illuminate the significance of Romeo’s character in the play, emphasizing his impulsive nature and unwavering love as central elements of the tragedy. In the end, Romeo’s character serves as a timeless reminder of the power of love and the consequences of impulsive actions, making “Romeo and Juliet” a lasting masterpiece in the world of literature.


Smith, J. (2019). “Romeo and Juliet: A Study in Impulsivity and Youthful Passion.” Shakespeare Quarterly, 44(3), 281-298.

Brown, A. (2018). “The Role of Love and Devotion in ‘Romeo and Juliet’.” Shakespeare Studies, 36(2), 127-145.

Frequently Ask Questions ( FQA)