Required Resources

Read/review the following resources for this activity:

Textbook: Chapter 8

Lesson

Minimum of 1 scholarly source

In your reference for this assignment, be sure to include both your text/class materials AND your outside reading(s).

Confidence Intervals

In everyday terms, a confidence interval is the range of values around a sample statistic (such as mean or proportion) within which clinicians can expect to get the same results if they repeat the study protocol or intervention, including measuring the same outcomes the same ways. As you ask yourself, “Will I get the same results if I use this research?”, you must address the precision of study findings, which is determined by the Confidence Interval. If the CI around the sample statistic is narrow, you can be confident you will get close to the same results if you implement the same research in your practice.

Consider the following example. Suppose that you did a systematic review of studies on the effect of tai chi exercise on sleep quality, and you found that tai chi affected sleep quality in older people. If, according to your study, you found the lower boundary of the CI to be .49, the study statistic to be 0.87, and the upper boundary to be 1.25, this would mean that each end limit is 0.38 from the sample statistic, which is a relatively narrow CI.

(UB + LB)/2 = Statistic [(1.25 + .49)/2 = .87]

Keep in mind that a mean difference of 0 indicates there is no difference; this CI does not contain 0. Therefore, the sample statistic is statistically significant and unlikely to occur by chance.

Because this was a systematic review, and tai chi exercise has been established from the studies you assessed as helping people sleep, based on the sample statistics and the CI, clinicians could now use your study and confidently include tai chi exercises among possible recommendations for patients who have difficulty sleeping.

Now you can apply your knowledge of CIs to create your own studies and make wise decisions about whether to base your patient care on a particular research finding.

Initial Post Instructions

Thinking of the many variables tracked by hospitals and doctors’ offices, confidence intervals could be created for population parameters (such as means or proportions) that were calculated from many of them. Choose a topic of study that is tracked (or that you would like to see tracked) from your place of work. Discuss the variable and parameter (mean or proportion) you chose, and explain why you would use these to create an interval that captures the true value of the parameter of patients with 95% confidence.

Consider the following:

How would changing the confidence interval to 90% or 99% affect the study? Which of these values (90%, 95%, or 99%) would best suit the confidence level according to the type of study chosen? How might the study findings be presented to those in charge in an attempt to affect change at the workplace?

SMALL REPLY TO THIS STUDENT

Collapse Subdiscussion

Rosario Venegaz

Rosario Venegaz

Yesterday

Jun 9 at 11:21pm

Manage Discussion Entry

Hello everyone,

According to our textbook, “the point of estimate is most likely not the exact value of the population parameter but close to it. After calculating point estimates, we construct interval estimates, called confidence intervals”. One of the most relevant issues today is the vaccination process against covid 19. For this reason, it is useful to establish measures on the process, for example, to know what is the number of vaccinated in the state during the year 2021, as the data varies and the population is long, a confidence interval on the average number of vaccinated can be used to establish a reference on the real number, in this case, we have variable= number of vaccinated in the state during the year 2021. Parameter=average=mean. This article, called ” coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine not effective against infection variant, responds to the part of variables that are being studied and why it would be used to make a confidence interval. For example, one of the study variables is the level of hospitalization after receiving a vaccine treatment in patients between 18 and 64 years of age. In this case, the variable is the measure in a proportion, where the percentage represents the number of hospitalizations. The confidence interval is useful to establish a reference of real changes in the reduction of hospitalization due to covid based on a specific sample, without the need to measure the entire population. As it is not possible for us to know the exact value of population parameter (population mean or population proportion) who were vaccinated, so we select a random sample from the population. Then we calculate the mean and standard deviation of that random sample to create a 95% CI for the population parameter. Although we can never know the exact value of the population parameter, by constructing a 95% confidence interval, we can say that we are 95% confident that the population parameter will lie in this interval. So, 95%. Confidence interval means you can capture true value of the population parameter with 95% confidence.

### Last Completed Projects

topic title | academic level | Writer | delivered |
---|