Critique of Quantitative Research Article

All questions must be answered from this article that I have already
The article’s name is Workplace physical violence
against health care professionals.
The Reference
to use for answering those questions is:
Li, Y.-L.,
Li, R.-Q., Qiu, D., & Xiao, S.-Y. (2020, January 1). Prevalence of
workplace physical violence against health care professionals by patients and
visitors: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of
environmental research and public health. Retrieved July 6, 2022, from

The following questions listed below should be answered in the
critique of the article. A yes or no answer will not be accepted. All responses
should be explained thoroughly.

Part A. Introduction
1. What is the research problem and is it clearly stated in the paper?
2. How important is the problem to nursing?
3. What is the justification for this study?
4. Are there hypotheses, questions, or objectives stated?
5. What theoretical or conceptual framework was used for the study? Was it
clearly identified or only implied?
6. How is the framework linked to the research purpose?
7. How current is the research literature reviewed (consider the publication
date of the paper)?
8. Is the literature review organized logically?
9. Does the literature review adequately support the need for the study?

Part B. Methods
1. What is the study design?
2. Does the design fit the purpose of the study? (Explain your answer.)
3. How is the design linked to the sampling method and statistical analysis?
4. Describe the sample as stated in the article. Is it adequately and clearly
described in the article?
5. Is the sampling procedure discussed in detail?
6. What do the authors provide as justification for the size of the sample?
7. Describe the study protocol (treatment and/or procedures). Is it clear and
8. What instruments are described in the article?
9. Does each instrument measure the concept it is intended to measure? (Is the
concept definition consistent with the Operational definition?)
10. Does the author(s) present information on reliability and validity of the
11. How does the author address threats to internal and external validity that
are inherent in the study design?
12. What evidence is provided regarding human subject’s review and approval
13. Are there indications of any ethical concerns?
14. Is the study described with enough detail for replication?
Part C. Results
1. How are characteristics of the sample described?
2. Are the research questions/hypotheses answered separately?
3. What types of data were collected?
4. What data analysis procedures are used to answer the research questions?
(Explain your answer.)
5. Are tables, charts, and/or graphs used to present the data?
6. Does the text supplement or repeat the data in the tables?
7. Briefly summarize the findings and analyze the results.
Part D. Discussion/Implications for practice
1. Does the author relate the findings to the study’s purpose (or research
2. How do the findings of the study compare with findings from previous
3. Does the author discuss the findings that conflict with previous work?
4. What limitations of the study are discussed in terms of practice and future
5. What new research emerged from this study?
6. What is the potential for use in nursing practice?
Part E. Overall Presentation and final summary
1. Does the title accurately describe the type of study, major variables, and
target population?
2. Does the abstract accurately represent the study?
3. Is the report logically consistent?
4. Is the writing style clear and concise?