entering the modern era

Select one of the essay questions below to answer.

(20 points)
John D. Rockefeller said, “If you want to succeed
you should strike out on new paths, rather than travel the worn paths of accepted success.” Entrepreneurs in the
late 1800s took Rockefeller’s advice to heart and broke new ground, especially in steel, banking, and Rockefeller’s own oil industry. Write a well-constructed essay that describes the business techniques and innovations the
industrialists of the late 1800s used to achieve success.

OR

The nineteenth century could be called the railroad
era. Crews made up largely of immigrants completed the first transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869, opening
a nationwide transportation network that had a tremendous impact on business, agriculture, and labor. Write an
essay describing the impact of the railroads on other businesses and why the government attempted to regulate
the railroads.