Intro to Ethics Reflections

Lesson 1 Reflection
Write a short reflection statement (350-500 words) after reading Chapter 1. Use complete sentences
and correct academic writing to complete this assignment.
Respond in writing to these items:
Carefully examine the eight essential
moral theories discussed in Chapter 1 and then pick the theory you think
best aligns with your own moral compass.
Describe your chosen moral theory in
some detail. Explain why you
think your theory is a better source of moral guidance than some of
the competing theories discussed in the chapter.
Think of an experience in your life in
which you applied your chosen theory. Was the outcome the one you
expected?
Lastly, have your thoughts changed since
reading the first chapter? If so, how?

Lesson 3 Reflection
Write a short reflection statement (350-500 words) after reading Chapter 8. Use complete sentences
and correct academic writing to complete this assignment.
Respond in writing to these items:
How, according to Gill, do some
philosophers argue that the moral foundations of the medical profession
prohibit physicians from assisting in a patient’s suicide? How does Gill
respond?
What are the social attitudes toward
suicide that Callahan mentions? Do you think these attitudes are
appropriate? Even if they are, do you think that would show that something
is wrong with suicide? Explain your answers.
Callahan worries that legalized PAS
gives physicians too much power to kill patients, including influencing
patient decisions in wrongful ways. What reasons can you think of that a
physician might have for doing this? Do you think it is plausible that
this could be a widespread concern? Explain.

Lesson 4 Reflection
Write a short reflection statement (350-500 words) after reading Chapter 15. Use complete sentences
and correct academic writing to complete this assignment.
Respond in writing to these items:
Discuss how Hill’s idea of virtue (what
sort of person are you) versus rights (what you can legally do) impacts
our discussion of environmental issues. He indicates that iIndifference to
non-sentient nature may signal absence of certain human traits. Do
you agree or disagree? Explain why.
What are the four goals Baxter proposes
in order to develop a solution to the problems of human organization?
Which of these goals do you find most compelling,
and which do you find least compelling.
Why?

Lesson 5 reflection
Lesson 5 Reflection
Write a short reflection statement (350-500 words) after reading Chapter 12. Use complete sentences
and correct academic writing to complete this assignment.
Respond in writing to these items:
What are the two messages that would be
sent by abolishing the death penalty according to Nathanson? How does he
reply to the objection that murderers forfeit their right to be respected
as human beings? Do you agree with his argument? Why or why not?
Why is deterrence not a decisive factor
in the debate about the morality of the death penalty according to van den
Haag? Explain your answers. Do you agree with his argument? Why or
why not?
Why is “an eye for an eye” an
attractive view according to Nathanson? What are the two main problems he
raises for this view, and what are the possible replies an advocate of
such a view might make?

Lesson 6
Lesson 6 Reflection
Write a short reflection statement (350-500 words) after reading Chapter 12. Use complete sentences
and correct academic writing to complete this assignment.
Respond in writing to these items:
Explain how Nagel’s essay highlights the
irresolvable dilemma between a utilitarian approach to War and the
absolutist approach.
Walzer examines excuses for terrorism
while granting that terrorism cannot be morally justified. What is the
distinction between a justification and an excuse?
According to Valls, what are the two
difficulties that arise when one is trying to define
“terrorism”? What final definition of the term does Valls
stipulate that he will use in his arguments?

Lesson 7 Reflection
Write a short reflection statement (350-500 words) after reading Chapter 5. Use complete sentences
and correct academic writing to complete this assignment.
Respond in writing to these items:
Discuss the two prominent
prohibitionists arguments that Huemer dismisses in his essay. In
your response, consider how an entity such as an insurance company might
respond to Huemer’s dismissal. What type of moral argument would the
insurance company use? Discuss.
What do you think of Marneffe’s argument
for the decriminalization of drugs? Do you agree with his logic
related to the problems of legalization? Discuss.
Explain how Shapiro’s Alternate View of
Addiction is a consequentialist approach to the problem. Discuss
what he means by humans being “interpretative animals” in regard
to each of the 3 components of the Alternative View.