justification by faith or works ?

Purpose: To appraise the relationship between justification, faith, and works in the theology of Romans and James.
Romans and James both comment on the relationship between justification, faith, and works, and their comments appear to be in tension with one another. In James 2:24, for example, the author asserts, “You see that a person is justified by works, and not by faith alone.” In Romans 3:28, on the other hand, Paul claims that “a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law.” (He states the same sentiment in Galatians 2:16: “We know that a person is justified not by works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ.”) How would you explain the apparent tension between these two letters?
Post: For this discussion, articulate your understanding of the relationship between the ideas about justification, faith, and works in Romans and James. Interpreters have developed many theories in the past. Some deny any real difference between the two letters and explain how their theologies cohere with one another. Others have claimed that the author of James is intentionally contradicting or correcting Paul’s theology in his letter. Others find a middle position, arguing that the real difference in the letters can be explained by the different situations they are addressing (rather than resulting from significant differences in their theologies). What do you think?
As you make your case, keep in mind the wider context for the verses listed above. How do these specific verses fit into the flow of their argument? Also, pay attention to what the authors mean when they use the words “justification,” “faith,” and “works.” Do they mean the same things when they use these words? Cite specific passages from Romans and James to support your conclusions.
Your initial post should be submitted by 11:59 pm CST on Saturday.
Response: Over the next couple of days, read through the posts from the classmates in your discussion group for this week. Choose one post and offer a substantive response. A substantive response should explain what you appreciate about the post and how it enhances your understanding of the topic. It should also expand on the initial post by citing additional evidence from Galatians or Romans. The expansion might come in one of the following forms:
Complete Affirmation. (“I completely agree, and I think the following passages further support what you are saying . . . .”)
Affirmation with a Tweak. (“I’m on board with your general point, but I think, based on the following passages, I might say it in a slightly different way . . . .”)
Polite Disagreement. (“I understand how you arrived at your conclusion, but you have you considered ___________? This evidence leads me to a different conclusion. . . .”

Your response to a classmate’s post should be submitted by 11:59 pm CST on Monday.