Process of business innovation and innovative thinking

Watch this video:

And address the following:
Explain the value of diverse perspectives in the process of innovation.
How is this related to the concept of strong versus weak ties?
Why do most large organizations seem to have trouble coming up with and implementing innovations?
If you were running a large organization, how would you make sure that innovative thinking was not only “safe,” but encouraged? Why is it important to make it “safe to fail”? (consider the matrix of possible outcomes for innovation and for the innovator).
In connection with #4, watch the following short TED talk by Shimpei Takahashi: