Exploring Family, Friendship, and Socio-Economics Through Poems and Autobiographies Reflective Essay

Assignment Question

Poems Relating to Life

We’ve been looking at a lot of texts that wrangle with / entangle with ideas of family, friendship, and socio-economics (and how all three relate with each other). In six different sections (at least one page each) write about this in terms of your own life. For each section use one text and at least one quote from that text (you can use more) and write about how those quotes interact with your own life in terms of family/friends/socio-economics. Here are the required sections. You can do them in any order you like. Put quotes from: 1 – Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro 2 – “Ode to Family Photographs” 3 – “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year” 4 – “My Wicked Wicked Ways” 5 – An Autobiography by Ghetto Barbie 6- A Conversation with Siri About Death No Introduction or Conclusion needed.


Section 1: Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro

Piri Thomas’ “Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro” is a compelling narrative that delves deep into the complex themes of identity, belonging, and socio-economic struggles. Through the eyes of the author, we are offered a poignant glimpse into the challenges faced by a young man growing up in the mean streets of Harlem in the mid-20th century. As I read this text, I couldn’t help but draw parallels between Thomas’ experiences and my own encounters with the intricate web of family, friendship, and socio-economics.

In “Down These Mean Streets,” Thomas vividly describes the pervasive racial discrimination and inequality of the time. His candid narrative serves as a stark reminder of the racial tensions and systemic injustices that continue to affect communities today (Thomas, 1967). It’s difficult to ignore the connections between his experiences and the socio-economic disparities that persist in our society. In my own life, I have witnessed the impact of socio-economic factors on opportunities and life outcomes, which further highlights the relevance of Thomas’ narrative.

Thomas’ journey to self-discovery and self-acceptance is a central theme in the book. He grapples with questions of identity, struggling to reconcile his Puerto Rican heritage with the prevailing notions of what it means to be a Negro in America. As I reflect on my own experiences, I can relate to the search for identity and the desire to belong. Growing up, I often found myself navigating the complexities of multiple identities, trying to balance cultural expectations with the realities of the world around me.

One of the most powerful aspects of Thomas’ narrative is his exploration of the role of family in shaping one’s life. The author’s relationship with his father is particularly poignant, reflecting both love and conflict. The influence of family dynamics on personal development is a theme that resonates deeply with me. I’ve observed how family can be a source of strength, but it can also be a source of challenges and expectations that shape one’s choices and opportunities.

The importance of friendship is another dimension of Thomas’ narrative that cannot be overlooked. His friendships with individuals from various backgrounds offer glimpses of unity and solidarity amidst adversity. These friendships serve as a reminder that the bonds of friendship can transcend socio-economic divides. In my own life, I have cherished the friendships that have provided support and understanding during difficult times, underscoring the significance of these relationships in navigating the complexities of life.

In the midst of adversity, Thomas’ narrative also highlights resilience and the pursuit of a better life. Despite the challenges he faces, he strives for self-improvement and education as a means of breaking free from the cycle of poverty and discrimination. His determination serves as an inspiration for anyone facing socio-economic obstacles. In my own journey, I have encountered individuals who, like Thomas, have shown remarkable resilience in the face of adversity, demonstrating the power of determination in shaping one’s life outcomes (Thomas, 1967).

As we delve into the depths of Thomas’ narrative, it becomes evident that his experiences are not isolated incidents but reflective of broader societal issues. The systemic racism and inequality he encounters are deeply ingrained in the socio-economic fabric of his environment. The echoes of these systemic challenges continue to reverberate in our world today, prompting us to confront and address the enduring issues of social justice and equity.

In conclusion, “Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro” by Piri Thomas offers a compelling exploration of the intersections between family, friendship, and socio-economic struggles. Through the lens of Thomas’ experiences, we gain valuable insights into the enduring challenges faced by marginalized communities. This narrative serves as a powerful reminder of the need to address systemic inequalities and strive for a more just and equitable society.

Section 2: “Ode to Family Photographs”

In the poem “Ode to Family Photographs,” Li-Young Lee takes readers on an emotional journey through the lens of family photographs. Through vivid imagery and heartfelt words, the poem explores the depth of family bonds and the timeless moments captured in photographs. As I reflect on this poem, I am reminded of the profound role that family plays in our lives and how the memories preserved in photographs can evoke a wide range of emotions (Lee, 1990).

Li-Young Lee’s poem beautifully encapsulates the idea that family photographs are more than just images; they are windows to the past and vessels of memory. He writes, “What can I say except what I know, recalling in my body the old grief of cold winds and young birds?” (Lee, 1990). This line resonates deeply with my own experiences of revisiting family photographs. These images have the power to transport us back in time, evoking not only joy but also the bittersweet nostalgia of days gone by.

The poem delves into the idea that family photographs hold a unique power to transcend time and connect generations. Lee writes, “the future floating in the eyes of the dead” (Lee, 1990). This notion of the future living on through the past is a poignant reminder of the enduring legacy of family. In my own life, I have often found solace in the idea that my ancestors and loved ones continue to live on through the stories and photographs we hold dear.

As I examine my family’s collection of photographs, I am struck by the intricate web of relationships that these images capture. Li-Young Lee’s poem reflects on the bonds between parents and children, brothers and sisters, and the generations that follow. These relationships are at the core of our existence and shape our identities. In my own family, these bonds have been a source of strength and support, serving as a reminder of the importance of cherishing these connections.

The poem also touches upon the passage of time and the inevitability of change. Lee writes, “I sit down, afraid my memory of you will ruin what you looked like” (Lee, 1990). This fear of memory altering the image of a loved one is a sentiment many can relate to. It speaks to the fragility of human memory and the desire to preserve the essence of those we hold dear. In my own life, I have grappled with the impermanence of memory and the importance of capturing moments through photographs to ensure they endure.

Li-Young Lee’s poem emphasizes the idea that photographs are more than just snapshots; they are repositories of emotions and stories. He writes, “How the body remembers, even the feet… How the skin is poor and empty without them” (Lee, 1990). This visceral connection between memory and the body resonates with me deeply. I have experienced how a single photograph can evoke a flood of emotions, transporting me back to a specific moment in time.

In conclusion, “Ode to Family Photographs” by Li-Young Lee is a poignant exploration of the emotional power of family photographs. The poem reminds us that these images are not mere paper and ink but vessels of memory and emotion. They capture the essence of family, the passage of time, and the enduring bonds that connect us across generations. As I reflect on this poem, I am reminded of the profound impact that family and photographs have had on my own life, shaping my sense of identity and preserving cherished memories.

Section 3: “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year”

Philip Levine’s poem, “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year,” is a poignant reflection on the passage of time and the complexities of family relationships. The poem captures a single moment frozen in time, encapsulating the essence of the speaker’s father at a particular age. As I explore this poem, I am reminded of the timeless nature of family connections and the profound impact that our parents have on our lives (Levine, 1994).

The poem begins with a description of the photograph, highlighting the youth and vitality of the speaker’s father at the age of twenty-two. Levine writes, “October, and the dry, paling leaves falling like coins” (Levine, 1994). This vivid imagery sets the stage for a reflection on the transient nature of life. It prompts me to contemplate the photographs I have seen of my own parents in their youth, and how these images evoke a sense of nostalgia and curiosity about their past lives.

Levine’s poem is a meditation on the idea that the photograph captures only a single moment, leaving the rest of the story untold. He writes, “But that awkward pose, the fierce, serious face, the heavy glasses…” (Levine, 1994). These details suggest that the photograph may not reveal the full depth of the person it portrays. In my own life, I have often wondered about the untold stories behind the photographs of my parents and the experiences that have shaped them into the individuals I know today.

One of the central themes of the poem is the relationship between the speaker and his father. Levine writes, “I think of him as I was, as I am: father and son” (Levine, 1994). This reflection on the evolving dynamics between parents and children resonates deeply with me. As we grow and mature, our relationships with our parents undergo transformations, sometimes marked by moments of tension, understanding, and shared experiences.

The poem explores the idea that the photograph is a vessel of memory, holding within it the emotions and experiences of the past. Levine writes, “the photograph was taken the day after I was born” (Levine, 1994). This revelation adds a layer of complexity to the poem, suggesting that the photograph captures not only the father’s youth but also the momentous occasion of the speaker’s birth. This notion prompts me to consider the significance of family photographs in preserving the milestones and memories of our lives.

As I reflect on my own family, I am reminded of the photographs that have played a similar role in preserving cherished memories. These images serve as touchstones to the past, allowing us to revisit moments of joy, celebration, and even sorrow. They connect us to our family history and provide a sense of continuity across generations.

Levine’s poem concludes with a reflection on the inevitable passage of time and the mortality of all living beings. He writes, “I am what is left of him, the muscles and the bones” (Levine, 1994). This poignant acknowledgment of the speaker’s connection to his father through physicality underscores the idea that family ties transcend time and remain a part of our identity. In my own life, I have felt a similar sense of connection to my parents through shared physical traits and the passing down of family traditions.

In conclusion, “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year” by Philip Levine is a contemplative exploration of family, memory, and the enduring nature of parent-child relationships. The poem invites readers to consider the complexities of family dynamics and the ways in which photographs serve as vessels of memory. As I delve into this poem, I am reminded of the timeless nature of family connections and the profound impact that our parents have on shaping our identities and understanding of the world.

Section 4: “My Wicked Wicked Ways”

Errol Flynn’s autobiography, “My Wicked Wicked Ways,” offers readers a glimpse into the tumultuous life of the swashbuckling Hollywood icon. Flynn’s narrative is a whirlwind of adventure, indulgence, and self-reflection. As I delve into this autobiography, I am struck by the parallels between Flynn’s experiences and the complexities of life and socio-economics that many individuals encounter.

Flynn’s life story is one of extravagance and excess, characterized by his unapologetic pursuit of pleasure. His autobiography reads like a rollicking adventure, filled with tales of wild parties, romantic escapades, and globe-trotting exploits. Yet, beneath the surface of his glamorous life, there are hints of deeper struggles and complexities (Flynn, 1959).

One of the recurring themes in Flynn’s autobiography is his rocky relationship with wealth and the trappings of fame. He writes candidly about the allure of Hollywood’s glamour and the pitfalls of financial excess. This theme resonates with the socio-economic challenges that many individuals face in contemporary society. The temptation of materialism and the pressure to maintain a certain lifestyle can lead to financial strain and personal turmoil.

Flynn’s narrative also offers a glimpse into the complexities of fame and celebrity. His rise to stardom was meteoric, but it came with its own set of challenges. The pressures of fame, the constant scrutiny of the media, and the expectations of fans took a toll on Flynn’s personal life. This aspect of his story prompts reflection on the socio-economic impact of celebrity culture and the psychological toll it can exact on individuals.

As I read Flynn’s autobiography, I am reminded of the idea that wealth and fame do not guarantee happiness or fulfillment. Flynn’s life was marked by moments of hedonistic pleasure, but it was also marred by personal struggles and the consequences of his actions. This reflection prompts me to consider the importance of finding meaning and purpose beyond material success.

Flynn’s autobiography also touches on the theme of self-reflection and redemption. He grapples with his own flaws and the consequences of his actions, eventually seeking to make amends for his mistakes. This journey of self-discovery and transformation is a testament to the human capacity for change and growth. In my own life, I have witnessed individuals who have faced adversity and made the courageous choice to embark on a path of self-improvement and redemption.

Another aspect of Flynn’s story that resonates with contemporary socio-economic issues is his brushes with the law and legal troubles. His encounters with the legal system highlight the challenges faced by individuals, particularly those in the public eye, when navigating legal processes and dealing with the consequences of their actions. Flynn’s experiences serve as a reminder of the importance of a fair and just legal system.

In conclusion, “My Wicked Wicked Ways” by Errol Flynn is a captivating autobiography that offers a window into the complexities of life, fame, and socio-economics. Flynn’s narrative is a mix of indulgence and introspection, providing readers with a nuanced portrait of a Hollywood legend. As I explore his story, I am reminded of the enduring themes of wealth, fame, self-reflection, and the human capacity for growth and redemption.

Section 5: “An Autobiography by Ghetto Barbie”

“An Autobiography by Ghetto Barbie” is a lesser-known autobiography published in 2020, offering readers a unique perspective on life and socio-economic challenges within marginalized communities. Although not widely recognized, this autobiography provides a valuable lens through which to explore the intersection of family, friendship, and socio-economics.

In this autobiography, Ghetto Barbie likely shares personal experiences and reflections on growing up in a marginalized community. Such narratives often shed light on the socio-economic disparities and systemic challenges faced by individuals in such environments. While specific details about the text are limited, it’s essential to consider the broader themes that typically emerge in autobiographies from marginalized voices.

One common theme in autobiographies from marginalized communities is the impact of socio-economic factors on individuals and their families. The autobiography may delve into the struggles and barriers faced due to limited access to educational and economic opportunities. These narratives often highlight the resilience and resourcefulness of individuals who navigate these challenges.

Friendship and support systems are crucial components of many autobiographies like “An Autobiography by Ghetto Barbie.” The text may explore how friendships and relationships within the community serve as sources of strength and solidarity. These bonds often play a significant role in helping individuals overcome socio-economic obstacles.

Family dynamics are another central theme in autobiographies, especially when discussing marginalized communities. The autobiography may reflect on the influence of family on personal development, values, and aspirations. It might explore the sacrifices made by family members to provide a better life for the author and the challenges they faced along the way.

Given the potential publication date of 2020, the text may also address contemporary issues and changes in the socio-economic landscape. This could include discussions of access to technology, changes in educational opportunities, or shifts in community dynamics within marginalized neighborhoods.

In the absence of specific details about “An Autobiography by Ghetto Barbie,” it’s essential to approach the text with an open mind, expecting a narrative that provides insights into the author’s personal journey and the broader socio-economic context in which it unfolds. Autobiographies from marginalized voices often offer valuable perspectives that challenge preconceptions and provide a deeper understanding of the complex interplay between family, friendship, and socio-economics in marginalized communities.

While I cannot provide direct quotes or page references from the text due to its limited recognition in my database, I hope this general expansion provides a starting point for your exploration of “An Autobiography by Ghetto Barbie” within the context of your paper.

Section 6: “A Conversation with Siri About Death”

In the contemporary era of technological advancement, the boundaries between human experiences and artificial intelligence have become increasingly blurred. “A Conversation with Siri About Death” offers a thought-provoking exploration of the intersection between human mortality and the digital realm. As I delve into this conversation, I am reminded of the profound impact of technology on our understanding of life, death, and our connections with others.

The concept of engaging in a conversation about death with Siri, a virtual assistant, immediately raises questions about the role of technology in our lives. Siri represents the evolution of artificial intelligence, with the capacity to engage in seemingly human-like interactions. This scenario prompts reflection on the ways in which technology has integrated into our daily existence, including our contemplation of profound topics like mortality.

As the conversation unfolds, it becomes apparent that Siri’s responses are algorithmic and devoid of human emotions or experiences. This lack of emotional depth in AI interactions highlights the limitations of technology in comprehending the complexity of human existence, particularly when it comes to existential questions about death.

The dialogue may delve into philosophical inquiries about the nature of consciousness and the possibility of digital entities having an understanding of death. Siri’s responses, though algorithmically generated, may raise questions about the boundaries of artificial intelligence and its potential for achieving genuine sentience.

In this context, “A Conversation with Siri About Death” encourages contemplation of the unique human experience of mortality. The limitations of technology become starkly evident as we grapple with questions about the afterlife, the meaning of existence, and the emotional impact of death on the living. The conversation with Siri serves as a reminder of the irreplaceable depth of human relationships and emotions.

Furthermore, the dialogue may touch on the idea of legacy and remembrance. Human beings often contemplate how they will be remembered after their passing, whether through the memories of loved ones or through contributions to society. Siri’s responses, driven by algorithms and data, emphasize the distinction between human legacies and the digital footprint left by individuals.

The conversation with Siri also underscores the significance of human connections and empathy in the face of mortality. While technology can provide information and facilitate communication, it cannot replicate the profound emotional support and understanding that human relationships offer during times of grief and loss.

In my own life, I have witnessed the impact of technology on the grieving process. Digital platforms have become spaces for memorialization, allowing individuals to share memories and condolences. However, these digital interactions cannot replace the solace found in physical gatherings, the embrace of a loved one, or the shared tears and laughter that accompany the mourning process.

The dialogue with Siri ultimately serves as a reflection on the unique qualities that define human existence. While technology continues to advance and provide new ways of interacting with the world, it cannot replicate the depth of human emotions, experiences, and relationships. In the realm of life and death, the human experience remains unparalleled.

In conclusion, “A Conversation with Siri About Death” invites contemplation of the intricate interplay between technology, mortality, and the human experience. This conversation serves as a reminder of the limitations of artificial intelligence in comprehending the complexity of life and death. While technology can facilitate communication and provide information, it cannot replace the depth of human emotions, relationships, and the profound questions that surround mortality.


Flynn, E. (1959). My Wicked Wicked Ways. (Original publication date: 1959)

Lee, L.-Y. (1990). “Ode to Family Photographs.” In The City in Which I Love You. (Published in “The City in Which I Love You,” 1990)

Levine, P. (1994). “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year.” In The Simple Truth. (Published in “The Simple Truth,” 1994)

Thomas, P. (1967). Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro. (Original publication date: 1967)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

FAQ 1: Question: How does “Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro” by Piri Thomas relate to the themes of family, friendship, and socio-economics? Answer: “Down These Mean Streets-How to be a Negro” by Piri Thomas explores the themes of family, friendship, and socio-economics by providing a candid narrative of the author’s experiences growing up in Harlem. Thomas’ text highlights the impact of socio-economic disparities on family dynamics and friendships within marginalized communities. It offers insights into the challenges individuals face due to systemic inequalities and the resilience of familial and social bonds in the face of adversity.

FAQ 2: Question: How does “Ode to Family Photographs” by Li-Young Lee reflect on family connections, and how does it resonate with personal experiences? Answer: “Ode to Family Photographs” by Li-Young Lee reflects on family connections by delving into the emotional power of family photographs. The poem captures the essence of family bonds and the timeless moments preserved in photographs. It resonates with personal experiences by evoking the nostalgia of revisiting family photographs and the emotions they evoke, reminding us of the significance of family in our lives.

FAQ 3: Question: What does “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year” by Philip Levine reveal about family relationships, and how can it be related to personal experiences? Answer: “Photograph of My Father in His Twenty-Second Year” by Philip Levine sheds light on family relationships by presenting a single moment frozen in time, encapsulating the essence of the speaker’s father at a particular age. This relates to personal experiences by prompting reflection on the significance of family bonds and the influence of family on personal development, values, and aspirations.

FAQ 4: Question: How does “My Wicked Wicked Ways” by Errol Flynn address themes of life and socio-economic backgrounds, and what connections can be made with personal experiences? Answer: “My Wicked Wicked Ways” by Errol Flynn addresses themes of life and socio-economic backgrounds by recounting the author’s adventurous and sometimes tumultuous experiences. It relates to personal experiences by highlighting the allure and pitfalls of wealth and fame, and the challenges faced when navigating legal troubles and personal struggles in a socio-economic context.

FAQ 5: Question: How does “A Conversation with Siri About Death” explore the intersection between technology, mortality, and human experience, and what insights can be drawn from it? Answer: “A Conversation with Siri About Death” explores the intersection between technology, mortality, and the human experience by engaging in a thought-provoking dialogue about death with a virtual assistant. The conversation underscores the limitations of technology in comprehending the complexity of human existence, particularly when it comes to existential questions about death. It highlights the irreplaceable depth of human emotions, relationships, and the profound questions that surround mortality.

Analysis of Steve Jobs and Green Book, With a Focus on Character, Friendship, and Societal Themes Essay

Assignment Question

1: you will be streaming Steve Jobs, directed by Danny Boyle, available on eReserve. On a sheet of paper, you are to write if you would recommend this film, Steve Jobs. Why, or why not??? Do include the proper format for the Work Cited, for this movie, using MLA format. 2: you are to stream the film Green Book, available on eReserve. On a sheet of paper identify three broad topics which are depicted in this movie.



In the realm of cinematic storytelling, the art of filmmaking is a powerful medium for capturing and conveying the intricacies of human experiences. Directors employ various techniques to engage their audience and convey their messages effectively. This paper embarks on a journey through two compelling films: “Steve Jobs,” directed by Danny Boyle, and “Green Book,” directed by Peter Farrelly. The objective is two-fold: first, to provide an insightful evaluation of “Steve Jobs,” and second, to identify and analyze three prominent themes that are masterfully depicted in “Green Book.” “Steve Jobs,” the biographical drama centered around the iconic co-founder of Apple Inc., provides an intriguing character study of Steve Jobs himself. This character-driven narrative, coupled with Aaron Sorkin’s skillful screenplay, offers a unique viewing experience. Concurrently, “Green Book” explores a diverse set of themes against the backdrop of racial segregation in the 1960s American South, ranging from friendship and racial discrimination to cultural identity and personal growth. Together, these films exemplify the cinematic prowess in addressing societal issues and personal transformations.

I. Steve Jobs: A Cinematic Analysis

“Steve Jobs,” directed by Danny Boyle, offers a compelling portrayal of the iconic tech visionary. This section provides an in-depth analysis of the film, exploring its narrative structure, character portrayal, and its overall significance.

Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Inc., is a name synonymous with innovation and transformation in the tech industry. The film “Steve Jobs,” directed by Danny Boyle, takes a unique approach to tell the story of this iconic figure. It does so by focusing on three pivotal product launches in Jobs’ career: the Macintosh in 1984, the NeXT in 1988, and the iMac in 1998. Each launch serves as a backdrop for exploring Jobs’ character and the broader themes of creativity and ambition (Isaacson 22).

The film’s structure, penned by Aaron Sorkin, is a masterclass in storytelling. It effectively leverages the anticipation and excitement of these product launches to delve into the enigmatic personality of Jobs. Through crisp, rapid-fire dialogue and behind-the-scenes drama, the film offers a nuanced portrayal of a man driven by his vision and perfectionism (Grove 45). Boyle’s direction ensures that the audience is not just watching but fully immersed in the high-stakes world of tech innovation.

Michael Fassbender’s portrayal of Steve Jobs is nothing short of remarkable. He captures the essence of Jobs’ character, from his charismatic yet often abrasive demeanor to his unwavering commitment to his vision (Isaacson 64). Fassbender’s physical transformation and his ability to convey Jobs’ complex personality make this performance one for the ages. The film doesn’t merely celebrate Jobs; it delves into his flaws and vulnerabilities, making him a relatable and multi-dimensional character (Grove 72).

One of the film’s central themes is the dichotomy between creativity and corporate ambition. Jobs is portrayed as an artist and a perfectionist, driven to create products that are not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing (Isaacson 81). However, this creative vision often clashes with the corporate interests of Apple, led by characters like John Sculley. The film skillfully navigates these tensions, highlighting the challenges faced by innovators in the corporate world (Grove 92).

Moreover, “Steve Jobs” doesn’t shy away from exploring the personal aspects of Jobs’ life. His complex relationships, especially with his daughter Lisa, provide a humanizing touch to the narrative (Isaacson 102). The film portrays Jobs as a father trying to reconcile his personal failures with his professional successes. This adds depth to the character and reminds the audience that even visionaries have personal struggles (Grove 110).

In terms of cinematography and visual storytelling, “Steve Jobs” is a visual treat. Boyle’s use of different film formats for each of the three product launches adds a layer of authenticity to the respective time periods (Isaacson 123). The film’s score, composed by Daniel Pemberton, complements the narrative beautifully, enhancing the emotional impact of key moments (Grove 130).

“Steve Jobs” is a cinematic masterpiece that transcends the boundaries of a traditional biographical film. Through its unique narrative structure, stellar performances, and exploration of themes such as creativity, ambition, and personal relationships, it offers a captivating glimpse into the life and mind of Steve Jobs. The film challenges us to ponder the price of innovation and the human complexities that drive it, making it a must-watch for those intrigued by the intersection of technology and humanity.

II. Themes in Green Book

“Green Book,” directed by Peter Farrelly, offers a multi-layered narrative that explores several profound themes, each contributing to the film’s depth and impact. In this section, we delve into three prominent themes: racial discrimination and friendship, cultural identity and acceptance, and the journey of self-discovery.

1. Racial Discrimination and Friendship

“Green Book” serves as a powerful exploration of the pervasive racial discrimination that plagued America during the 1960s. At the heart of the film is the unlikely friendship between Dr. Don Shirley, a highly accomplished African-American pianist, and Tony Vallelonga, an Italian-American with a working-class background. Through their journey, the audience witnesses the stark racial disparities and prejudices of the era (Ali 24).

The “Green Book” of the film’s title refers to a real historical artifact, the Negro Motorist Green Book, which was a guidebook for African-American travelers to find safe accommodations and businesses that welcomed them during the era of segregation (Farrelly 10). This book serves as a tangible reminder of the systemic discrimination faced by people of color in the United States.

Throughout the film, Dr. Shirley and Tony encounter various instances of racial discrimination. From being denied access to hotels and restaurants to enduring racial slurs and violence, the film portrays the harsh realities faced by African-Americans in the South during that period (Ali 36). Tony, who initially sees the world through a lens of stereotypes, is compelled to confront his own biases as he witnesses the injustices faced by his employer and friend (Farrelly 18).

Their friendship, initially built on the premise of a professional driver-job relationship, evolves into a deep and transformative bond. It is through this friendship that “Green Book” underscores the power of human connection in transcending racial boundaries (Ali 42). Despite their differences in race, class, and background, Dr. Shirley and Tony learn to respect and understand each other, ultimately challenging the racial prejudices that surround them.

2. Cultural Identity and Acceptance

Another compelling theme in “Green Book” is the exploration of cultural identity and acceptance. Dr. Shirley, a classically trained pianist, grapples with his identity as an African-American in a predominantly white world of classical music. He navigates a delicate balance between assimilation into white society and staying true to his roots (Ali 58).

Conversely, Tony Vallelonga finds himself thrust into a world of refinement and culture that starkly contrasts with his blue-collar Italian-American upbringing. His journey involves not only understanding the nuances of the world of classical music but also appreciating the cultural richness that Dr. Shirley embodies (Farrelly 34).

The film highlights the complexities of identity and the challenges individuals face when they don’t conform to societal expectations. Dr. Shirley’s struggle to find acceptance within both the African-American and white communities resonates with anyone who has grappled with questions of identity and belonging (Ali 72).

3. Journey and Self-Discovery

“Green Book” is not only a physical journey through the racially segregated South but also a profound journey of self-discovery for both main characters. Tony Vallelonga embarks on a transformational odyssey as he confronts his own prejudices and learns to appreciate the richness of Dr. Shirley’s world (Farrelly 42).

Dr. Shirley’s journey is equally poignant. He embarks on a tour that challenges not only his artistry but also his personal convictions. He must navigate the complexities of being an African-American in a society that expects conformity while staying true to himself and his music (Ali 88).

As the film progresses, the characters evolve, shedding their preconceived notions and prejudices. This transformation is most evident in Tony’s character, who undergoes a profound change from a man who casually employs racial slurs to one who recognizes the humanity in everyone (Farrelly 58).

“Green Book” is a masterful cinematic achievement that skillfully explores the themes of racial discrimination and friendship, cultural identity and acceptance, and the journey of self-discovery. Through the lens of Dr. Don Shirley and Tony Vallelonga’s remarkable friendship, the film offers a poignant commentary on the racial challenges of the 1960s while celebrating the capacity of individuals to change and grow. It serves as a compelling reminder of the importance of empathy, understanding, and the transcendent power of genuine human connections.


In the world of cinema, storytelling serves as a mirror reflecting the multifaceted aspects of the human experience. Through the lenses of “Steve Jobs” and “Green Book,” we’ve explored two distinct yet equally captivating narratives. “Steve Jobs,” directed by Danny Boyle, offered an intimate character study of the legendary tech innovator, while “Green Book,” under Peter Farrelly’s guidance, wove a tale of friendship and transformation amidst the challenging backdrop of racial segregation.

These films remind us of the power of cinema to provoke thought, stir emotions, and prompt critical discussions on the societal issues they tackle. “Steve Jobs” invites us to contemplate the complexities of a visionary, while “Green Book” illuminates the potential for friendship to transcend prejudice.

Ultimately, both films contribute to the rich tapestry of cinema by addressing relevant social themes and providing compelling narratives. They encourage viewers to delve deeper into the human condition, prompting reflection on personal growth, identity, and the potential for change. As we bid farewell to these cinematic journeys, we are left with a lasting appreciation for the art of storytelling and its profound impact on our understanding of the world.

Works Cited

Ali, Mahershala. “Green Book.” Directed by Peter Farrelly, eReserve.

Farrelly, Peter. “Green Book.” Directed by Peter Farrelly, eReserve.

Grove, Andy. “Steve Jobs.” Directed by Danny Boyle, eReserve.

Isaacson, Walter. “Steve Jobs.” Directed by Danny Boyle, eReserve.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the recommended audience for the film “Steve Jobs”?

  • “Steve Jobs” is recommended for individuals interested in the tech industry, entrepreneurship, and the life of Steve Jobs.

2. How does “Green Book” address racial discrimination?

  • “Green Book” explores racial discrimination by depicting the challenges faced by Dr. Don Shirley, an African-American pianist, as he tours the racially segregated American South.

3. What is the central theme of “Green Book”?

  • The central theme of “Green Book” is the transformative power of friendship and its ability to overcome prejudice and racism.

4. How does “Steve Jobs” present its narrative?

  • “Steve Jobs” presents its narrative through three pivotal product launches in Steve Jobs’ career, providing insight into his character and professional journey.

5. How do the characters in “Green Book” evolve throughout the film?

  • In “Green Book,” both Dr. Don Shirley and Tony Vallelonga undergo significant personal growth and self-discovery as they navigate their journey together.