What were the Black Codes and what was their purpose?

Assignment Instructions for AMEND 1-Citizen
Write a 5 paragraph essay about the first episode of AMEND. Use content from chapter from othe textbook/powerpoint slides, you can also use the five fallacies of racism and the three sociological theories as they apply to answer the following question:
As soon as the 13th Amendment was passed, the South began passing Black Codes.

What were the Black Codes and what was their purpose?

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