careers and occupations

1) a. According to the author, how (and why) did mothers become excluded from the ranks of “productive citizens”? b. What is the economic importance of mothering?
Zuboff: “In the Age of the Smart Machine”

2) a. Zuboff examines pulp and paper mills in the process of transitioning to new computer-based technologies. What were the major shifts in the type of skills workers needed that came with the change? b. How did the workers tend to respond to these changes?

The reading is Crittenden: “How Mothers’ Work Was ‘Disappeared:’ The Invention of the Unproductive Housewife”